ECTS, the ‘European Community Course Credit Transfer System’, was developed in order to provide uniform procedures to guarantee academic recognition of studies completed abroad. It provides a way of measuring and comparing learning achievements and transferring them from one institution to another.
ECTS credits reflect the quantity of work in each course in relation to the total quantity of work required to complete a full year of academic studying at an institution; that is, lectures, practical work, participation in seminars, individual work in the library and at home, and examinations or other assessment activities.
In the ECTS system, 60 credits represent the workload of one year of study; usually 30 credits are assigned to a semester. Practical placements and optional courses, which form an integral part of the study programme, are also worth academic credit. Credits are only awarded if the student had completed all his/her courses and passed all the required examinations.